Civil-Military Divide

Here are sources used in my presentations about the Civil-Military Divide. They mainly focus on military demographics.

Primary Sources

2014 – VA “Projected Veteran Population 2013 to 2043”
2005 – Department Of Defense Data “Who is Volunteering for Today’s Military? Myths versus Facts”

Major Reports

2011 – Pew Research “War and Sacrifice in the Post-9/11 Era – The Military-Civilian Gap”
2011 – Pew Research “The Military-Civilian Gap: Fewer Family Connections”
2008 – Heritage Foundation “Who Serves in the U.S. Military? The Demographics of Enlisted Troops and Officers” By Shanea Watkins, Ph.D. and James Sherk
2008 – Syracuse University Lutz, Amy. 2008. “Who Joins the Military?: A Look at Race, Class, and Immigration Status.” Journal of Political and Military Sociology 36 (2): 167-188.
2006 – RAND Corporation “The Evolution of the All-Volunteer Force”
2005 – Heritage Foundation “Who Bears the Burden? Demographic Characteristics of U.S. Military Recruits Before and After 9/11” By Tim Kane, Ph.D.


AWOL: “The Unexcused Absence of America’s Upper Classes from Military Service — and How It Hurts Our Country” by Kathy Roth-Douquet, Frank Schaeffer
America’s Army: “Making the All-Volunteer Force” by Beth Bailey

Articles, Analysis & Opinion

2015 – LA Times “Special Report: U.S. Military And Civilians Are Increasingly Divided”
2015 – 538 Blog “What Percentage Of Americans Have Served In The Military?”
2014 – PBS NewsHour “By the numbers: Veterans in Congress”
2013 – Pew Research “Most members of Congress have little direct military experience”
2013 – Policy.mic “One Stat About the U.S. Military That Will Surprise You”
2011 – WSJ “The Truth About Who Fights for Us”
2008 – Freakonomics Blog “Who Serves in the Military Today?”